Pearl and Jewelry Terms
- About 16". Worn for both formal and casual occasions.
- About 18". The most popular length, it is a longer version of the choker.
- About 22". The usual length for daytime wear.
- About 30-32". The preferred length for formal wear; often in two strands.
- About 40" or longer. Configurations include two strands, three strands and knots.
- The metal piece that closes the necklace. Mikimoto clasps are engraved with the trademark outline of an Akoya oyster enclosing the letter M.
- Knots tied between each pearl in a necklace prevent pearls from scattering if the string breaks.
- Single Row
- Several cut stones of the same size lined up next to each other without separation.
- Gems of the same cut and size wrapped around the entire circumference of the ring to symbolize eternal love. Rings with a half circle of stones are called 'half eternity' rings.
- An elegant setting of one single gem.
- Designs that dangle below the earlobe.
- Hoop Type
- A circular design, going from front to back of the earlobe.
- A metal fitting holds the earring in place by gently pinching the earlobe.
- The part of a pierced earring that goes into the earlobe.
- The metal fitting that secures the post of a pierced earring.
- A screw-like fitting with a threaded post and an earback that turns onto the post to close.
- Spring ring
- A round-shaped lock at one end of a chain. The chain is closed by inserting the tag inside the lock.
- Chain Tag
- Inserted into the spring ring lock to close the chain.
- Lobster Claw
- Similar to spring ring lock but with an elongated shape.
- A brooch with decorations on the face of a long pin, held with a fitting on the underside.
- Pin Brooch
- An ornamented brooch held in place by a pin, a catch and a joint hinge.
- A round or elliptical bracelet, rigid in structure, that slips onto the wrist without a clasp.
- Prong Setting
- A technique for setting jewels; small wire prongs hold stones in place.
- Bezel Setting
- Setting jewels by surrounding them with a thin, flat piece of metal.
- A technique that sets small cut stones between two strips of metal.
- Pavé Setting
- Involves placing stones known as melee up against one another like paving stones, held in place by "beads" of metal.
- Mille Grain
- Using a chisel to produce continuous fine granular relief patterns on the edge of the base metal.
- Open work
- Creating a pattern by inserting openings with a jeweler's saw.
- Matte finish
- Finishing the surface of a metal for a soft rather than bright luster.